Sustainability Practices for Pesticide Spraying for Wet Paddy Cultivations in Malaysia
Publication Date : 07/02/2018
This study evaluates on the adaptation of sustainable agriculture practices in integrated pest management in DOA’s Rice Check Guidelines among the rice farmers at the Rice Scheme in Sungai Burung, Tanjung Karang, Selangor. The two common machines that were used in pesticides sprayings were the knapsack power mist duster and the handheld power sprayer machine. The calibrated spray flow rate for mist duster was 0.101 l/s while for the power sprayer was 0.071l/s. Field pesticide sprayings with the mist duster were conducted at a walking speed of 3.27 km/hr while for the power sprayer was at 2.71 km/hr. 69.8% of the farmers followed the specified amount of pesticides in the Rice Check while 21.1% of them used less than the specified amount and the remaining 9.5% sprayed over dosage. 57.38% of the farmers applied pesticides according to the specified scheduling dates while 40.98% farmers apply pesticides at presence of pest and 16.39% applied pesticide only when the crops were found to be pest and disease infested. 98% of the sprayer workers read the product label instructions when preparing the sprayer solution and 76.8% of the sprayer workers were not wearing the safety protections during the spraying operations.
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