Seawater Desalination using Embedded PV Solar Still: A Practical Approach to Fresh Water Shortage in Malaysia

Publication Date : 07/02/2018

Author(s) :

M. Kumaran, N. A. Latiff, M.E. Ya’acob.

Volume/Issue :
Volume 1
Issue 1
(02 - 2018)

Abstract :

Greenhouse Gas Effect (GHG) is known to be one of the main factors of El Nino phenomenon which significantly reduce the rainwater intensity level causing water shortage in dams. The scarcity of clean drinking water can be overcome by using conventional solar desalination method where this method can offer abundant and steady source of fresh water regardless of the weather or possible climate changes. A new technological approach of combining Solar Photovoltaic technology directly embedded to the Solar Still frame structure is presented. The integrated system provides means of producing potable water from seawater sources with increasing yield as compared to a normal solar still purification system. A sample of seawater is collected from the ocean of Port Dickson,Negeri Sembilan,Malaysia and tested at the University Putra Malaysia (UPM) PV site. Field test using embedded PV Solar Still is presented covering the element of water quality.

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