A Comparative Study Between Drip and Furrow Irrigation Systems in Open Field Radish Cultivation in Shambat Open Fields, Sudan
Publication Date : 07/02/2018
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of drip irrigation on radish production in comparison with furrow irrigation under the open field conditions of Shambat. Drip and furrow irrigation systems were installed and evaluated in the Demonstration farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, during the winter season. Water requirements of the plant were calculated according to Penman-Monteith equation. Four levels of irrigation water were used (2520 mᵌ/ha/month), (1260 mᵌ/ha/month) and (315 mᵌ/ha/month) for drip irrigation system, (3600 mᵌ/ha/month) for furrow irrigation method. The radish crop was planted as an indicator plant on ridges 1 meter apart and at 50 cm spacing between plants. A completely randomized design was followed. The highest yield obtained was (2604 Kg/ha) for drip irrigation using (2520 mᵌ/ha/month) while the yield of (1659 Kg/ha) was obtained from Furrow irrigation using (3600 mᵌ/ha/month). The highest water use efficiency was 11.8 Kg/mm/ha for drip irrigation using (2520 mᵌ/ha/month), while the water use efficiency was 7 Kg/mm/ha for Furrow irrigation using (3600 mᵌ/ha/month).
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